The Persian wild ass is known to live in mountain savannas, semi-deserts or desert plains. They are often found in savannas. Their largest population is found in Khar Turan National Park. Their natural habitats are deserts, semi-deserts, arid grasslands, shrubs and mountain steppes, although the subspecies differ from each other, but the distribution is the same as they evolved to adapt. with such environments. During the late Pleistocene era about 40,000 years ago, the Asian wild ass ranged widely across Europe to northeast Asia.
They have once been threatened by top predators, which are used as delicious prey for Asian lions, Asian leopards, Asian leopards, tigers, hyenas and fire wolves. However, as of today, the Asian wild ass subspecies are under strict protection. There are various breeding programs for the wild donkey subspecies in captivity and in the wild, increasing their numbers to save endangered species.
Their threats are the fact that a Persian wild ass is listed as critically endangered by the IUCN Red List, as they are nearly extinct. Currently, hunting for meat and competing with livestock, and drought are the biggest threat to this subspecies. Historically, they have been extensively used from the Middle East to China. However, by the nineteenth century, their population had been reduced to a few thousand to several thousand. There are currently more than 600 Persian wild asses living in the wild. Persian wild ass is found in two sub-populations in southern and northern Iran. However, it is extinct in the wild in Afghanistan.
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