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The Estates-General convened in the Grands Salles des Menus-Plaisirs in Versailles on 5 May 1789 and opened with a three-hour speech by Necker. The Third Estate demanded that the credentials of deputies should be verified by all deputies, rather than each estate verifying the credentials of its own members, but negotiations with the other estates failed to achieve this. The commoners appealed to the clergy, who asked for more time. Necker then stated that each estate should verify its own members’ credentials and that the king should act as arbitrator.On 10 June 1789 Abbé Sieyès moved that the Third Estate, now meeting as the Communes (English: “Commons”) proceed with verifying its own powers and invite the other two estates to take part, but not to wait for them. They proceeded to do so two days later, completing the process on 17 June. Then they voted a measure far more radical, declaring themselves the National Assembly, an assembly not of the Estates but of “the People”. They invited the other orders to join them, but made it clear they intended to conduct the nation’s affairs with or without them.