The First Russian Antarctic Expedition led by Bellingshausen and Mikhail Lazarev on the 985-ton sloop-of-war Vostok (“East”) and the 530-ton support vessel Mirny (“Peaceful”) reached a point within 32 km (20 mi) of Queen Maud’s Land and recorded the sight of an ice shelf at WikiMiniAtlas69°21′28″S 2°14′50″W, on 27 January 1820, which became known as the Fimbul ice shelf.
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This happened three days before Bransfield sighted land and ten months before Palmer did so in November 1820. The first documented landing on Antarctica was by the American sealer John Davis, apparently at Hughes Bay, near Cape Charles, in West Antarctica on 7 February 1821, although some historians dispute this claim. The first recorded and confirmed landing was at Cape Adair in 1895 (by the Norwegian-Swedish whaling ship Antarctic).
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